Source: Der Spiegel of Germany
THE CHALLENGE OF FEDERALISM
Iraq Set to Disintegrate, New Study Warns
It’s no secret that Iraq is a politically, ethnically and religiously fractured country. But a new study released in Berlin on Wednesday argues that federalism remains the country’s last, best hope. Otherwise, it may fall apart completely.
“Already today, the main priority is to prevent Iraq from breaking apart completely.” That is the sober conclusion of a new study released Wednesday in Berlin on the situation in Iraq. Called “Iraq Between Federalism and Collapse,” the study argues that there is little hope of a centralized power in Iraq and that the country’s future depends on walking the fine line between decentralizing power and civil war.
The report, written by terror and Middle East expert Guido Steinberg under the auspices of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs in Berlin, says that a far-reaching decentralization is the country’s only hope. And if it fails, the result could be devastating, including the possibility of full-scale civil war complete with foreign intervention.
“The basic assumption of this study,” Steinberg writes, “is that a federalist solution will be the only possibility to maintain Iraq as a single country. The most important role of German and European policies should therefore be that of supporting steps toward a peaceful federalist solution.”